A wide range of federal statutes impact the lives and well-being of older adults, enhance their autonomy, protect them against abuse and protect their rights. Those that most directly affect elder justice are described.
The EJA was passed in 2010 as part of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA or "Obamacare), is the first comprehensive legislation addressing abuse. It is due for Re-authorization.The federal government has come to recognize the needs and rights of victims. For more go to EJA.
Congress enacted the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) in 1984 to address the needs of crime victims.
The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) within the Department of Justice administers VOCA programs, distributes VOCA funds to states, establishes regulations for how states can use VOCA funds, and provides support for demonstration projects, technical assistance, and professional education programs, including training workshops and a national victims academy. For more, go to VOCA.
Social Services Block Grants (SSBG) provide for critical health and social services. They are the only federal source of funding for Adult Protective Services and the primary source in many states. For more, go to SSBG.
The Older Americans Act was passed in 1965. It establishes an infrastructure for aging programs across the country and provides funds for services for older adults, many of which promote elder justice goals. For more, go to OAA.